Tuesday, July 17, 2007

Οι Λιμπερταριανοί και ο Πόλεμος

Ιδιαίτερα αξιόλογο το σημερινό άρθρο του Randy E. Barnett με τον τίτλο «Libertarians and the War» και τον υπότιτλο «Ron Paul doesn't speak for all of us». Γράφει σχετικά:
[When it comes to foreign policy, libertarians' severe skepticism of government planning in the domestic arena carries over to the government's ability to accomplish anything positive through foreign aid, whether economic or military--a skepticism they share with most Americans. All libertarians, I suspect, oppose military conscription on principle, considering it involuntary servitude. To a libertarian, any effort at "nation building" seems to be just another form of central planning which, however well-motivated, is fraught with unintended consequences and the danger of blowback. And, like most everyone, libertarians oppose any war of aggression. In all these regards, Mr. Paul is a mainstream libertarian.
But like all libertarians, even Mr. Paul believes in the fundamental, individual right of self-defense, which is why libertarians like him overwhelmingly support the right to keep and bear arms. And most also believe that when the territory of the U.S. is attacked militarily, the government--which claims a monopoly on providing for national defense and extracts billions of tax dollars for this purpose--is justified in using the military in self-defense. For this reason, many libertarians (though not all) who now oppose the war in Iraq supported U.S. military actions against the Taliban regime in Afghanistan, which had aided and harbored the al Qaeda network that organized the 9/11 attack.
But here is the rub. While all libertarians accept the principle of self-defense, and most accept the role of the U.S. government in defending U.S. territory, libertarian first principles of individual rights and the rule of law tell us little about what constitutes appropriate and effective self-defense after an attack. Devising a military defense strategy is a matter of judgment or prudence about which reasonable libertarians may differ greatly.]
Έχοντας υπόψη τα σημερινά γεωπολιτικά δεδομένα, διαφωνώ ωστόσο μαζί του, ότι ο σχεδιασμός μιας αμυντικής στρατηγικής αποτελεί απλώς ένα πραγματιστικό κάθε φορά ζήτημα. Όπως γράφει ο John Rawls ("The Law of Peoples"): "Κανείς δεν εξασφαλίζει την ειρήνη διαδηλώνοντας ότι ο πόλεμος είναι παράλογος ή περιττός - παρόλο που πράγματι μπορεί να είναι κι έτσι - αλλά ανοίγοντας τον δρόμο στους λαούς, για να αναπτύξουν μια βασική δομή που να στηρίζει ένα εύλογα δίκαιο ή ευπρεπές καθεστώς και να κάνει εφικτό ένα εύλογο Δίκαιο των Λαών". Κι αυτό ακριβώς οφείλει να πράξει ο ελεύθερος κόσμος: Να ανοίξει το δρόμο στους λαούς…

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